By Anya Litvak
WWR Article Summary (tl;dr) In a series of experiments that followed Wharton Business School MBA students on spring-break leadership adventures around the world, researchers showed that while women in leadership could ask for help with impunity, men incurred a “competence cost.”
Gone are the days when the business world expected men to act like men and never ask for help.
Or are they?
While no management consultant would advise male leaders to clam up instead of asking their subordinates for assistance, research suggests that men who seek help are perceived as less than, less competent, less strong, less of a leader.
In a series of experiments that followed Wharton Business School MBA students on spring-break leadership adventures around the world, researchers from the University of Pittsburgh, Duke University and the University of San Diego showed that while women leaders could ask for help with impunity, men incurred a “competence cost.”
The study, published last year in the journal The Leadership Quarterly, took advantage of situations where asking for help was inescapable, scaling a volcano in Ecuador, traversing a glacial ice cap in Antarctica, climbing Mount Kilimanjaro. Each day, one participant in the group was randomly selected as a leader and later assessed by others in the group.
The trend was clear: men who asked for help were perceived as weaker than those who didn’t.
David Lebel, assistant professor of business administration at the Joseph M. Katz Graduate School of Business at Pitt and one of the paper’s co-authors, said male leaders shouldn’t be discouraged from tapping their employees for assistance. But they might want to strategize how they do it to avoid appearing incompetent.
“Leaders do need to ask for help to learn,” he said.
To deflect some of those gender perceptions, Lebel recommends flattery. Ask for someone’s expertise, he said. “Play that up.”