Liz Hund Bankrate.com
WWR Article Summary (tl;dr) As Liz Hund reports, "there are some key money moves you can make to finish the year strong and set yourself up for success in 2022."
As 2021 comes to a close, there are some key money moves you can make to finish the year strong and set yourself up for success in 2022.
Bankrate Chief Financial Analyst Greg McBride, CFA, compiled his list of 15 financial tasks to complete before 2021 comes to a close.
1. Make a budget and review your spending The past couple of years have been full of change with many people working remotely and many facing unemployment. With all of this change, there’s a good chance your spending habits have changed as well, which means it’s time to evaluate where your money is going. “Do you track your spending against a budget? If so, how did you do this year?” McBride asks. “Make a monthly budget for 2022 and resolve to track your spending against it throughout the year. Any month you spend less than budgeted, transfer the difference into savings.”
2. Check your progress on paying down debt “How much debt do you have relative to the beginning of the year? Congratulations if you’ve made steady progress on paying it down, and if you’ve gone in the other direction, make a game plan to pay down debt over the next year.” McBride says.
To get closer to paying off your debt, McBride suggests cutting expenses, even if it’s just temporary, and putting that money toward your debt. Another option to consider is debt consolidation, which could be an appealing option if you have high-interest debt. These are just two potential strategies for accelerating your debt repayment, but of course, everyone’s plan may look different depending on your current financial situation.
3. Review your savings progress and set goals for 2022 A key factor in any strong financial plan is having savings to fall back on. You may have had to dip into your emergency fund recently, and that’s OK (that’s what it’s there for). Now, it’s time to focus on how you’re going to replenish or grow your savings in 2021. “Add up the amount you’ve contributed to your retirement accounts, 529 college savings plans, savings accounts and other investment accounts and subtract out any withdrawals taken during the year.” McBride says. “Set goals for 2022 and put the plan into action by increasing your workplace 401(k) plan contributions, setting up a direct deposit from your paycheck into a dedicated savings account, and arranging for automatic transfers into an IRA and/or 529 college savings account.”
4. Contribute to your 401(k) by Dec. 31 If you’re planning to max out your 401(k) for 2021, mark your calendar for Dec. 31, as this is the last chance to do so. If you’re fortunate enough to receive a holiday or year-end bonus, you may want to consider earmarking as much as you can toward your 401(k) plan, McBride says. Additionally, if your company offers a match that you haven’t maxed out, do so before it’s too late.
5. Consider a Roth conversion If you’ve experienced a loss of income this year, McBride says to consider taking advantage of your lower tax bracket to convert some of your pretax retirement assets, such as a traditional IRA, into a Roth IRA. “Be advised that converting will trigger taxes on any contributions not already taxed, so be sure to consult your tax advisor,” McBride says. If you earn too much to contribute to a Roth IRA, consider a back-door Roth IRA contribution. “If you’re unable to contribute to a Roth IRA directly because of your income, you may benefit from contributing to a traditional IRA, then converting the funds to a Roth IRA,” McBride says. “If you have an existing traditional IRA, be sure to consult your tax advisor about the tax implications before converting anything.”
6. Review your asset allocation and rebalance your portfolio The financial markets have been volatile at times over the past couple of years, so your investment mix may need some attention. “Taking the opportunity to rebalance back to your intended mix of stocks, bonds, cash and alternative investments means lightening up on things that have done well while adding to asset classes that have lagged,” McBride says. “This also enforces the discipline of ‘buying low’ and ‘selling high.’”
7. Review your beneficiaries Adding a beneficiary to your accounts is critical to ensure your assets will go to the person you intended them to. Additionally, it’s important to note that beneficiaries trump wills, so make sure the two documents are aligned in their directives. “If you haven’t looked at it in a while or especially if there has been a change in family dynamics such as a marriage or divorce, review the beneficiary designation on your life insurance and retirement accounts to make sure it reflects your current intentions,” McBride says.
8. Harvest tax losses Did you know that you can write off investment losses? The IRS refers to these as capital losses to your income taxes, which reduces your taxable income and nets you a small tax break in the process. “If you have losing stock positions and they no longer fit your investment needs, consider selling them to offset other gains you’ve taken. If you haven’t realized any gains, the tax loss can be used to offset up to $3,000 of ordinary income and any unused losses can be carried forward to next year,” McBride says. These losses must be realized, meaning you have sold the stock, in order to qualify for the deduction. Additionally, this has to be done before the final trading day of the year, which is typically Dec. 31.
9. Check your flexible spending account balance If you take advantage of a flexible spending account (FSA) offered by your employer, check your balance and see how much you have left to spend because these balances are “use it or lose it.” “Many employers offer a grace period until mid-March, giving you an additional 2 1/2 months to use up the money set aside this year, but if not, you will need to exhaust the funds by Dec. 31 to avoid any forfeiture,” McBride says.
10. Complete open enrollment and select your employer benefits The fourth quarter typically marks the beginning of open enrollment, which is when employees can select their benefits for the upcoming year. If you haven’t already, make it a priority to complete your employer’s open enrollment so that you can secure benefits for 2021 that fit your needs. If you miss out on open enrollment, you will be stuck with the selections from the previous year or no benefits at all. “Don’t overlook this opportunity to make any changes to your benefits, such as adding or removing a spouse or significant other,” McBride says. “Consider utilizing a flexible spending account to pay for next year’s health care, dependent care or transit costs. This saves you money by allowing you to pay with pretax dollars. Think of it as getting a discount equal to your tax bracket.”
11. Get a free copy of your credit report Have you checked your credit report lately? If you answered no, check to make sure that everything’s how it should be. “Regularly checking your credit report is a great way to spot errors or evidence of identity theft,” McBride says. “Knowing what is on your credit report and that everything is correct is important when going to apply for a loan, rent an apartment, or even changing insurance carriers.” You can get a free credit report annually at AnnualCreditReport.com. Additionally, most credit card companies offer some sort of credit score monitor. These scores may be slightly different than what’s on your official credit report; nonetheless, they’re a good free tool for regularly monitoring your credit.